Lima is a city with so much history to share. It starts long before Francisco Pizarro founded the colony in 1535. Lima was actually inhabited thousands of years prior, and it is during this period that you find some of the most unique and richest cultures.
The first inhabitants settled in Lima about 10,000 years ago. They were hunters, fisherman, and gatherers. One of the earliest settlements and ceremonial centers can be traced back to El Paraiso, around 2200 BC. It is found just north of what is now known as the City of Lima.
Around 200 AD a local culture had developed in the zone of Maranga, which is at the beginning in today’s Callao district. After Maranga was overthrown in 700 AD, the new culture from the Ayacucho region took over the area. The Wari or Huari had a very strict social system and with their despotic operations, it took no time at all for them to dominate the entire Lima area.
By the 13th century, the Incas were in control of the Lima area. Their military, political, and administrative center was located in Cuzco. The Incas quickly began to concur large western regions in South America. On January 18, 1535, Francisco Pizarro concurred and founded Lima territories and the leader Taulichusco’s temples.
In 1820 Argentina Jose de San Martin, lead the rebel army into battle invading Lima. On July 28, 1820, Peru’s independence was declared at the Plaza de Armas in Lima. However, it wasn’t all smooth sailing, as the recovery of Lima was disrupted by the War of the Pacific in 1879, which carried on for until 1883.
By the time the 19th century came to an end Lima was enjoying wealth and prosperity. From 1890 through to 1920, Lime underwent a growth and renewal. Most of the growth was towards southern Lima to the district of La Victoria.
Life hasn’t been easy for Lima. Things once again began to deteriorate for Lima but by the beginning of the 21st century, things had turned around and a successful recovery plan was in place. Lima today struggles to prosper and grow. There has been a great deal of work done on improving transportation, banning small polluting busses, and planting beautiful trees and flowers. This is certainly a city that’s worth visiting. You won’t be disappointed!
This amazing city has so much to offer. It is far more than just a gateway to the rest of Peru. Make Lima a destination of its own. Look past the dirty, chaotic, and ugly exterior, and you will be amazed at what you discover. Lima can be the vacation of a lifetime.